How can I install an operating system on an external hard drive?

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Philippe Gloaguen
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Operating systems offer a large number of useful tools needed for the effective operation and use of a computer. The most common operating systems are generally Microsoft, Linux and MAC.

In most cases, when you buy a computer, it usually has the built-in operating system, so that it can be used later by the user. However, there is the possibility of installing these operating systems on external hard drives.

Installing an operating system on an external hard drive can be very useful to lighten the load on your PC, it is also a good alternative in case your computer has memory problems or overheating.



It can be very convenient; however, a number of previous procedures must be performed, as most existing operating systems are not designed to run on an external hard drive.

In the following article we will explain to you what you need to do to be able to install an operating system on a hard drive in such a way easy and simple.

What you should know before installing an operating system on an external hard drive
There are several operating systems designed for work properly on external hard drives; however, Windows has its exceptions, but there are a few ways to accomplish this.

While Windows isn't designed to run on an external hard drive, with a couple of applications that will need to be downloaded, it can work perfectly well as a portable or full version if you like.

Programs for installing Windows on an external hard drive

As mentioned above, it is essential to have certain files that will need to be downloaded in advance for install Windows on an external hard drive. Among them we have:


WinToUSB

It is a free and very important program to be able to install the operating system. It is very intuitive and easy to use. WinToUSB will show the options you can install


Official Windows 10 ISO

You also need to be able to install the operating system on your hard drive. On Microsoft's official website it is possible get both the Windows Home version and the Windows Pro version.

Likewise, it is You must have an external hard drive larger than 32GB in  so that the operating system can work effectively. Likewise, it is recommended that you have a USB 3.0 to enhance the experience when you have a mobile operating system.

Install Windows on an external hard drive

The first thing to do is connect the external hard drive to the PC. You will need to connect both the interface card and the power cable, as it requires a battery during the process.

Once all these programs have been downloaded, the first step we will need to take is installare WinToUSB. The installation is very simple and works like any other program that you need to give corresponding permissions.

After installing it, you need to run it and you will see that the main menu has three options: Create portable version of Windows 10, Create version from an original disk, Clone current version of Windows

You'll select the first alternative to be able to use the Windows ISO. Once you have chosen this option you will see that a box appears that says image file in which we will have to select the folder icon located on the right.


You'll select the ISO file and then the program will analyze it. This process doesn't take long. After that, all options that can be installed on the hard drive will appear.

If you downloaded the ISO from the official Microsoft site, you can choose between the Home version or the Pro version. You will need to choose and click Next. At this point you will have to select the disk drive where to install the operating system. Obviously we will have to select our external hard drive.


The installation will likely ask you to format the hard disk, so you will have to make a backup if you don't want to lose all your information.

The system will ask you where you want the OS boot partition and you need to select the external hard drive and click Next. You will have to wait a few minutes while the installation is completed and after this time you will have already installed Windows 10 on your external hard drive.

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