What is the difference between an IP address and a Mac address?

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Catherine Le Nevez
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In the following article we will touch on a very interesting topic and it could create some confusion for many users. But they have to do directly with how we can connect to the internet through our electronic devices. That's why we offer you this guide that will teach you what is the difference between an IP address and a Mac address?

These can be terms like IP address and Mac address which, if you have heard them, you thought were the same because you are not familiar with the meaning of these protocols. The truth is, there is a distinct difference between these two concepts. And then we will explain what is the difference between an IP address and a Mac address?



But before we continue with this fabulous topic, it is important to know other concepts that will help you to maintain your privacy and security when you log on to the net. And learn how to hide your IP address while browsing the Internet to avoid being tracked. This way you will always be hidden from those expecting new victims.

What is the difference between an IP address and a Mac address?

So you can know which one is the difference between an IP address and a Mac address, we will start by giving you a concept of each of these terms. First, let's start with the Mac address, with it you can identify any device equipped with a network card. These devices can be smartphones, routers, computers, laptops, etc.

The Mac address appears as a series of unique digits, which manufacturers attach to their devices to identify them. We also need to know that if a computer, for example, has a USB wireless network card. And also a network card connected to the motherboard, each card will have a Mac address different.



So you need to understand that this address is not for the electronic device, but for the network card. This address can be made up of combinations of numbers and letters, there are a total of 12 and are arranged in pairs. This is nothing more than a 40-bit identifier and they represent a specific manufacturer and model.

What is an IP address?

Now the other question is is it a IP address and this is nothing more than the way in which devices that are connected to the network communicate. It also defines how routers behave and send information correctly. But this address can change over time or frequently.

This is one of the main differences, with Mac addresses, while this address is always the same. The IP address can change and routers or different network devices are responsible for assigning it. But there are other devices that must always have the same IP address or a fixed IP, such as servers.

They also exist private IP addresses and public IP addresses,  the private ones are the ones we use to connect to the Router. And public IPs are those assigned by the network operator we use and it is with which we identify ourselves when we search in the browser. Another aspect that you must take into consideration, that when we use private IP addresses.


These cannot be the same and each device connected to the Router is assigned a different address in so they can connect to the network, otherwise they would conflict. Since there are more devices that can connect to the Internet every day, each of them must have an IP address that identifies and connects them.


Thus we come to the end of a very interesting and didactic article that dealt with explaining some terms that tend to confuse a bit. And in a clear and simple way we managed to show you  what is the difference between an IP address and a Mac address.

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